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Open Burning Requirements for Recreational Fires

The Ohio Fire Code is the minimum standard for the safety in the State of Ohio.  These rules are promulgated by the Ohio Division of State Fire Marshal and become statewide law that Columbia Township must comply with.  In addition, the Ohio Administrative Code regulates open burning activities and is enforced by the Ohio EPA and locally by the Regional Air Pollution and Control Agency.

The Columbia Township Fire Department receives many requests for information related to open burning requirements.  The most common request is for information concerning requirements for having a recreational fire within the Township limits.  The Ohio rules and laws define recreational fire as: An outdoor fire burning materials other than rubbish where the fuel being burned is not contained in an incinerator, outdoor fireplace, barbecue grill or barbecue pit and has a total fuel area of 3 feet or less in diameter and 2 feet or less in height for pleasure, religious, ceremonial, cooking, warmth, or similar purposes.

The Ohio Administrative Code contains additional provisions for open burning within restricted and unrestricted areas that applies to parts of Columbia Township.  In these rules yard waste materials cannot be burned at anytime in restricted areas.  Residents may have a recreational fire subject to the following rules and regulations in restricted areas.

Residents outside of the restricted area are subject to the following rules and regulations

Other restrictions:

The most common complaint from neighbors is when recreational fires are not conducted in accordance with the rules and regulations, or when environmental conditions cause the smoke to migrate off of the property into the residence of neighboring property.  Persons with chronic breathing problems can often times be affected by these conditions. 

If the Fire Department orders you to extinguish your fire due to non-compliance with the rules and regulations, or the fire creates an offensive or objectionable condition, you are bound by Ohio law to comply with the request.  Failure to do so may result in you being charged with violation of the open burning regulations.

If you have any questions concerning the Open Burning Regulations, please contact the Columbia Township Fire Department at (440)236-8812.